Social Protection Policy – Institutional Arrangements and Data Coordination
This course focuses on social protection policy, institutional arrangements and the integration of data between government agencies that have a role in delivery of national transfer programs.
The course was initially discussed when the Australian Minister for Human Services visited Jakarta. In response to a need identified by the Australian Embassy in Jakarta and the participating agencies, this course is designed to provide Indonesian policy makers with a comprehensive understanding of:
- Contemporary Australian social protection policies and their evolution with particular focus on income support to people living with disability as well as elderly populations
- Broader institutional arrangements for social protection policy and programming
- Australian public-sector data sharing relevant to social transfers including associated challenges for evidence-based social protection policy making and implementation
- The use of current and emerging enabling technology in Australia for social protection
It will provide help policy makers who already have a good understanding of social protection implementation learn relevant lessons from Australia and in their time together build a shared vision for the future of social protection in Indonesia.
The course briefly explores the context for Australia’s system of taxation and transfer, namely:
- definition of poverty in Australia and the Gini ratio
- the range and type of Australian social transfers across the lifecycle, population coverage
- financing of the system (private contributions, public funding through tax contributions, use special purpose levy) including processes for collecting contributions
- outline of the delivery systems for social assistance
In doing so the course will cover the policy windows which led to the introduction and / or significant evolution of programs for particular sections of the population.
Like many other countries in Southeast Asia, Indonesia social protection system has expanded rapidly in the past decade with the introduction and expansion of many new programs, but several vulnerable groups remain uncovered. Currently in Indonesia, social assistance programs are targeted to the poor, and families with children receive the largest proportion of benefits. There is very limited support available to working age without children, the elderly who live alone, or the disabled. Similarly, outside of subsidised health insurance, the ‘missing middle’ may not receive the same support, despite their vulnerability to poverty.
Baca juga: Beasiswa Australia Terbaik
The social insurance sector has gone through phases of restructuring in recent years, since first introduced in 1969 (Law no 11/1969 regarding the pension provision for civil servants). In 2004 the government issued the National Social Security Law (Law No. 40/2004) aimed to extend social protection coverage for the whole population and develop a social security system which is more comprehensive and integrated. The law guarantees universal access to health care, insurance for occupational injury and provide assistance for the elderly, although coverage of the latter in the pension system is limited (11%). It also mandates the establishment of a single national social security agency, BPJS.
There is active policy discussion in Indonesia in relation to new tax-financed programs covering the elderly and the disabled, in addition to efforts to reform and extend the relatively new contributory pension system.It will be useful for the course to select one or two significant policy reforms that are relevant to Indonesia (potentially focussed on elderly and people with disabilities) and unpack the political context which gave rise to them.
The course will discuss strengths and weaknesses of institutional arrangements of social protection in Australia.
While Indonesia is developing the policy, legislative as well as data and information infrastructure for a social protection system, the overall system is characterised by fragmentation and lack of clear oversight, this contributes to delays in decision making. A number of line ministries and coordinating bodies are involved in provision of social protection programs.
It is relevant to understand how Australia has resolved coordination challenges, both in the policy space, but also within service delivery. How is the task of planning and implementation split between agencies? How has Centrelink improved coordination and service delivery? How has this evolved overtime? Likewise, it will be useful to explore Australia’s arrangements for oversight, monitoring and evaluation of programs and how these arrangements improve service delivery.
Indonesia has decentralised service delivery, so examples of how Australian state and local governments coordinate with the national government on social security are relevant. One example is the Natural Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangements (NDRRA), in particular the provision of assistance to individuals experiencing hardship and distress following a disaster, as Indonesia is looking into how existing social assistance programs can be used to deliver relief following a large scale economic or environmental shock.
Another focus of the course is Australia’s approach to the integration of social services and in particular data coordination and integration, registration and payment systems. The course will also describe how the federal government uses the existing system to provide support to particular shocks or emergencies.
The course will outline the frameworks for data integration and interoperability which enable good practice delivery of social transfer programs. One example that might be relevant is the Data Integration Partnership for Australia (DIPA) which is aimed to maximise the use and value of the Government’s data assets; and the Multi-Agency Data Integration Project (MADIP), a partnership among Australian Government agencies to combine information on healthcare, education, government payments, personal income tax, and the Census to create a comprehensive picture of Australia over time. There are six Commonwealth agencies working together on the project: the Australian Bureau of Statistics; the Australian Taxation Office; the Department of Education and Training; the Department of Health; the Department of Human Services and the Department of Social Services. Through data integration and analysis, the DIPA creates new insights into important and complex policy questions. The DIPA will improve technical data infrastructure and data integration capabilities; preserve the privacy of individuals and ensure the security of sensitive data; improve data assets in important areas such as health, education and social welfare; and maximise the use of these assets through data integration and analysis.
As Indonesia develops its system, there is an increasing focus on coordinating and harmonising social protection programs aiming for a systems approach requires new ways to integrate data and better handling of information, and improved payment systems that ensure that the right people receive the right transfer amounts at the right time.
Indonesia’s efforts to improve and consolidate its system for managing information for poverty reduction programs through a social registry have been successful but still face various challenges, from data collection to utilisation. Indonesia’s unified database (UDB) houses socio economic information on over 27 million households, or equivalent to 99 million individuals, making it one of the largest databases of its kind in the world. Each household is poverty scored and ranked using a proxy means test.The data was collected during large scale census-style surveys in 2011 and 2015. Indonesia is currently developing a system for more dynamic updating, where individuals can register as they need financial assistance, although these processes are still in their infancy. Building data interoperability between government agencies will continue to be important as the system evolves. Furthermore, in 2020 Indonesia will be conducting its 10 yearly population census, so this course is a timely opportunity to look at the potential use of census data for social protection program implementation and development.
The course will be tailored to the participating agencies’ and participants’ specific objectives and to the current Indonesian social policy environment, with particular focus on considering the application of Australian approaches and lessons learned in Indonesia. The course learning objectives are listed below. The participants will apply the knowledge to their work through an Award Project, an individual or small group project focusing on a specific social protection topic of their choice.
On completion of the course, participants will be able to:
- Learn about Australia’s overall system of social protection, factors affecting Australia’s Gini ratio, the range and type of Australian benefits, including taxation and transfer, financing
- Learn about Institutional arrangements in Australia, the respective roles of departments and agencies such the ATO, DHS, DSS, Centrelink, and the integration of social services
- Contrast, compare and understand similarities and differences between Australian and Indonesian social protection systems
- Understand associated challenges and policy in Australia in relation to data and technology for evidence-based social protection policy making and implementation
- Learn about Australia’s use of current and emerging enabling technology and the applicability of those technologies in Indonesia
- Learn about streamlined payment systems for social protection
- Discuss effective coverage of the elderly and Australia’s three pillar system
- Discuss how Australia defines disability eligibility within the social security system, the disability support pension, briefly cover the National Disability Insurance Scheme
- Learn about the collection and use of data (interoperability, privacy issues, data security, management information systems, data architecture, use of blockchain etc. based on outcome of the participant selection and the participants’ detailed learning objectives for this course – to be identified at the pre-course workshop)
To achieve these outcomes, the proposed short course offers a structured learning process for participants that will utilise a range of learning methodologies, such as classroom sessions; case studies; site visits; workshops, discussions, and planning sessions; simulations and role plays; networking events; an in-depth individual course project.
Awardees will be selected against the below selection criteria through a rigorous selection process managed by Australia Awards Indonesia.
To be selected for this course, you MUST:
- Be a representative (Echelon 2-3 or the equivalent) with a minimum of three years’ experience in relevant role from the following institutions:
o Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas (Directorate for Alleviating Poverty and Development of Social Welfare and Directorate for Planning, Population and Social Security);
o Ministry of Social Affairs (Planning Bureau, Data and Information Centre of Social Welfare/Pusdatin, Directorate of Social Rehabilitation for People with Disability, and Directorate of Social Rehabilitation for Elderly);
o The National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction (TNP2K);
o Ministry of Finance (Directorate General of Budget and Fiscal Policy Agency);
o Presidential Staff Office/KSP (Deputy II (Social, Ecology & Culture) and Deputy III (Economy));
o Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture Affairs (Deputy for Poverty Reduction and Social Protection Coordination);
o Ministry of Home Affairs (Assurance Division);
o Social Insurance Administration Organisation (BPJS) Ketenagakerjaan (Directorate for Customer/ Kepesertaan);
o Social Insurance Administration Organisation (BPJS) Kesehatan (Directorate for Customer/ Kepesertaan).
- Be endorsed by the organisation/supervisor;
- Be committed to prepare and implement an Award Project as part of the course;
- Be committed to engage actively and foster networks with multiple stakeholders including in Australia and Indonesia and facilitate the transfer of learning from the course with colleagues and peers;
- Have a bachelor’s degree or higher;
- Have professional working proficiency in English. The applicants’ English language competency is part of the selection process. The assessment of language competency is based on a phone interview and any additional evidence provided by the applicant (for examples: proof of studies or living in an English-speaking country or working in an English-speaking environment; completion of studies in English; result of English course; or proof of attendance or certificate of international conference).
The participants are selected through a competitive process; whereby there is a call for proposals, applicants submit a written proposal which is reviewed by a selection panel and the most suitable candidates are chosen
Steps of Application
Participants will be identified through a competitive process whereby there is a call for proposals; applicants submit a written application which is reviewed by Australia Awards and Australian Embassy to explore motivation and other demonstrated competencies to ensure commitment and interest in the study program.
- All candidates should complete an online application form which explores their motivation, role, experience in the relevance to this course, as well as identification of Return to Work Project (Award Project). (Deadline 20 October 2019)
Online application link: https://www.australiaawardsindonesia.org/id/socialprotectionstaapplication
- Shortlisted candidates will be invited for a phone interview in the first week of November 2019 (TBC). If candidates failed to join phone interview, AAI will not consider them to the next step of review process.
- The selection panel will convene to select up to 25 participants. The short-listed participants will be informed of the outcome by mid November 2019.
Gender equity will be a consideration and encouraged but not a constraint, given that participants are selected through a competitive Expression of Interest (EOI) process.
Logistics – Australia Awards Indonesia will cover the cost of:
- Return participant travel to the pre-course training
- Return participant flights from their home base to the course location
- Return participant travel to the post-course training
- Per diems to cover living expenses while attending the course
- Travel insurance for the duration of the course in Australia
- Accommodation during pre-award and post-award workshop and the course in Australia
- Transportation to and from the airport, to and from meetings and site visits (including transportation to and from pre- and post-course workshops)
- Visas to Australia
- In Australia, participants will share two-bedroom apartments, with each person having their own bedroom
- During pre- and post-course workshops, participants will be required to share a hotel room
- To respect Indonesian cultural preferences, male participants will share with another male and females will share with other females
- The course material will be made available in English (language level to be confirmed)
- Interpretation (not consecutive or simultaneous, but language assistance) is provided if required throughout the course to support participants as required
Sunday, 20 October 2019 at 23:59 WIB
(AAI will only review applications submitted within the deadline. Late submission will not be considered)
Submitting Your Application
You will find a Submit button at the bottom of the Last Page. You need to review your application before you can submit it.
Once you have reviewed your application you can submit it by clicking on ‘Submit’ buttom. You will not be able to submit your application until all the compulsory questions are completed.
Once you have submitted your application, no further editing or uploading of support materials is possible.
When you submit your application, you will receive an automated confirmation email included copy of your application form.
If you do not receive a confirmation of submission email, then you should presume that your submission has NOT been submitted.
Attachments and Support Documents
You may need to upload/submit attachments to support your application. This is very simple, but requires you to have the documents saved on your computer, or on a storage device.
You need to allow enough time for each file to upload before trying to attach another file. Files can be up to 2MB each; however, we do recommend trying to keep files to a maximum of 1MB – the larger the file, the longer the upload time.